Refractory angina

Mohammad Sarraf, Daniel J. Hellrung, Timothy D. Henry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A growing number of patients have refractory angina - but limited therapeutic options. Revascularization, medical therapy, and risk factor modification have improved notably, but these patients are left with severe limitations in their quality of life. As described in this chapter, an increasing number of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches for no-option patients are making quality-of-life inroads for this challenging patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCoronary Heart Disease
Subtitle of host publicationClinical, Pathological, Imaging, and Molecular Profiles
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781461414759
ISBN (Print)1461414741, 9781461414742
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. All rights reserved.


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