Reflective learning outcomes of community-based experiences: A qualitative study

Joanna J. Sager, Christine M. Blue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of community-based experiences for senior dental and dental hygiene students through the use of critical incident essays. A total of 108 senior dental students and 22 senior dental hygiene students were invited to participate in the study. Each student was required to write about one critical incident that occurred at one of four community clinic rotation sites during the 2012-13 school year. The participation rate was 78% of the students. Professional responsibility, a willingness to volunteer, and an understanding of the importance of oral health education were the main themes that emerged from analysis of the essays. These results suggest that community-based learning, with reflection, challenged how these students perceived oral health disparities and expanded the meaning of professional responsibility for them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)530-535
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of dental education
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Dental Education Association. All rights reserved.


  • Access to care
  • Community-based dental education
  • Critical incident technique
  • Dental hygiene students
  • Dental students
  • Oral health disparities
  • Reflection


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