Reflections on the meaning of clinician self-reference: Are we speaking the same language?

Patricia McCarthy Veach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Self-reference refers to clinician revelations about themselves. Theory and research on self-reference are limited by a lack of uniform conceptualizations. This paper discusses two types of self-reference, self-disclosure, and self-involving responses. Included are definitions of each type of self-reference; description of definitional inconsistencies in the literature; discussion of prevalence, functions, and the multidimensional nature of self-reference; and practice implications and research recommendations. The ideas presented herein are intended to prompt researchers, practitioners, and educators to carefully consider the nature, scope, and functions of self-reference, and in doing so, bring greater conceptual and operational clarity to their work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-358
Number of pages10
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2011


  • Clinician self-reference
  • Psychotherapy
  • Self-disclosure
  • Self-involving responses
  • Supervision


Dive into the research topics of 'Reflections on the meaning of clinician self-reference: Are we speaking the same language?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this