Refining the relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy, and stress to dieting and binge eating: Examining the appearance, interpersonal, and academic domains

Angela S. Cain, Anna M. Bardone-Cone, Lyn Y. Abramson, Kathleen D. Vohs, Thomas E. Joiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated domain-specific (appearance, interpersonal, and academic) interactive relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy, and stress to dieting and binge eating, positing that the level of weight/shape self-efficacy would be pivotal in identifying elevated dieting versus elevated binge eating. Method: Participants were 406 randomly selected undergraduate women. At two time points (T1 and T2), 11 weeks apart, participants completed measures of dieting and binge eating attitudes/behaviors as well as domain-specific measures of perfectionismand self-efficacy (e.g., perfectionism related to appearance). Between T1 and T2, participants completed inventories weekly on the previous week's weight/shape, interpersonal, and academic stressors. Results: The combination of high interpersonal perfectionism, low interpersonal self-efficacy, high interpersonal stress, and high weight/shape self-efficacy was associated with the most elevated dieting. The hypothesized interactions related to the appearance and academic domains where not supported. Conclusion: These results highlight the interpersonal context for dieting and the unique relationship between weight/shape self-efficacy and dieting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-721
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Binge eating
  • Dieting
  • Perfectionism
  • Self-efficacy
  • Stress

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