Uncertainty in radiocarbon dates for the Near East, caused by a bimodal distribution of ages due to the natural fluctuations of 14C in the atmosphere, has demonstrated the need for an alternative absolute dating technique to aid in the construction of site chronologies. Here we present a new archaeointensity reference curve model for the first three millennia BCE for the Levant (Syria, Israel, Jordan) for use in archaeomagnetic dating and contribute twelve new intensity results to an increasingly dense geomagnetic field record for the period between 2400 and 1200BCE in the Near East. Archaeomagnetic analysis was conducted on ceramic samples (i.e. pottery sherds) from seven sequential and well-constrained occupational layers at the site of Tell Mozan (Bronze Age Urkesh) in northeastern Syria, resulting in a 90% success rate by specimen (n=42) for archaeointensity determination and an 86% correspondence between the model and the archaeologically derived dates within one standard deviation (1σ). Age standard deviations as low as ±24 years were obtained after integration with stratigraphic constraints. We also outline the techniques and sampling procedures of archaeomagnetic dating in a manner suitable for the non-paleomagnetist while detailing methodology for archaeomagnetic researchers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Archaeological Science|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
- Bronze age
- Magnetic dating
- Tell mozan