Refinement of vascular access port placement in nonhuman primates: Complication rates and outcomes

Melanie L. Graham, Lucas A. Mutch, Eric F. Rieke, Michele Dunning, Elizabeth K. Zolondek, Aaron W. Faig, Bernhard J. Hering, Henk Jan Schuurman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Chronic vascular access is often needed in experimental animal studies, and vascular access ports (VAP) have been proposed as an alternative to conventional venipuncture. We previously reported on VAP implantation by using femoral venous cutdown (FVC) and tunneling. In an attempt to decrease the moderate complications associated with the FVC method, we developed the single-incision, peripheral-insertion (SIPI) method. In a retrospective evaluation, 92 FVC procedures were compared with 113 SIPI procedures in cynomolgus and rhesus macaques and baboons with as much as 2.5 y of follow-up. The rate of complications was significantly lower for the SIPI method than for the FVC method (19.4% versus 33.7%), particularly in regard to infectious complications (8.0% versus 27.3%, respectively). In addition, VAP patency for blood sampling and fluid infusion was significantly better for the SIPI method than for the FVC method, with 1-y patency rate of 83% and 46%, respectively, and 2-y patency rate of 74% and 36%, respectively. Additional advantages of the SIPI method include the simplified implantation of the VAP and access in the homecage without any sedation or restraint after appropriate training of animals to cooperate. We conclude that the SIPI method presents an opportunity for refinement and is superior to the FVC method for chronic vascular access.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-485
Number of pages7
JournalComparative Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010


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