Previously, we found that transferring 6.1 Mb of salt-sensitive (SS) chromosome 12 (13.4-19.5 Mb) onto the consomic SS-12BN background significantly elevated mean arterial pressure in response to an 8% NaCl diet (178±7 versus 144±2 mm Hg; P<0.001). Using congenic mapping, we have now narrowed the blood pressure locus by 86% from a 6.1-Mb region containing 133 genes to an 830-kb region (chr12:14.36-15.19 Mb) with 14 genes. Compared with the SS-12BN consomic, the 830-kb blood pressure locus was associated with a Δ+15 mm Hg (P<0.01) increase in blood pressure, which coincided with elevated albuminuria (Δ+32 mg/d; P<0.001), proteinuria (Δ+48 mg/d; P<0.01), protein casting (Δ+154%; P<0.05), and renal fibrosis (?+79%; P<0.05). Of the 14 genes residing in the 830-kb locus, 8 were differentially expressed, and among these, Chst12 (carbohydrate chondroitin 4 sulfotransferase 12) was most consistently downregulated by 2.6- to 4.5-fold (P<0.05) in both the renal medulla and cortex under normotensive and hypertensive conditions. Moreover, whole genome sequence analysis of overlapping blood pressure loci revealed an 86-kb region (chr12:14 541 567-14 627 442 bp) containing single-nucleotide variants near Chst12 that are unique to the hypertensive SS strain when compared with the normotensive Brown Norway, Dahl salt-resistant, and Wistar-Kyoto strains. Finally, the 830-kb interval is syntenic to a region on human chromosome 7 that has been genetically linked to blood pressure, suggesting that insight gained from our SS-12BN congenic strain may be translated to a better understanding of human hypertension.
- Inbred BN
- Inbred Dahl