Reduced diffusion in neurocysticercosis: Circumstances of appearance and possible natural history implications

G. T. Santos, C. C. Leite, L. R. Machado, A. M. McKinney, Leandro Tavares Lucato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies discuss DWI findings in patients with NCC, and their conclusions are variable and contradictory. The aim of our study was to describe DWI findings of a cohort of patients with NCC, emphasizing the frequency of reduced diffusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 48 patients with NCC. Two neuroradiologists analyzed MR images regarding location, number, and stage ofNCClesions. On the basis of visual analysis, they defined, by consensus, the presence of high signal within NCC lesions on DWI and measured their ADC values when feasible. RESULTS: The total number of lesions was 342: parenchymal (263), subarachnoid (65), and intraventricular (14); 83 were DWI hyperintense. The first pattern was a small eccentric hyperintense dot/curvilinear structure on DWI (representing the scolex) noted in intraparenchymal lesions in vesicular (41 lesions, 29%) and colloidal vesicular (18 lesions, 19%) stages, in 14 (22%) subarachnoid lesions, and 2 (14%) intraventricular lesions; rADC calculations were hampered by the intrinsic small dimensions of this finding. The second pattern was the presence of total/subtotal DWI hyperintensity in intraparenchymal lesions, 5 in the colloidal vesicular stage (5%) and 1 in the granular nodular phase (3%). Two subarachnoid lesions also showed the same presentation; in this second pattern, reduced diffusion was present in different degrees, measured by rADC calculations. CONCLUSIONS: DWI may identify the scolex, increasing diagnostic confidence for NCC. Total/subtotal DWI hyperintensity, related to the stage of the lesion, though uncommon, allows including NCC as a consideration in the differential diagnosis of lesions with reduced diffusion and ring enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-316
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

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