Reduced activity of adenylyl cyclase 1 attenuates morphine induced hyperalgesia and inflammatory pain in mice

Kayla M Johnson, Alexis Doucette, Alexis Edwards, Aleeya Verdi, Ryan McFarland, Shelby Hulke, Amanda Fowler, Val J. Watts, Amanda H. Klein

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1 Scopus citations


Opioid tolerance, opioid-induced hyperalgesia during repeated opioid administration, and chronic pain are associated with upregulation of adenylyl cyclase activity. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that a reduction in adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) activity or expression would attenuate morphine tolerance and hypersensitivity, and inflammatory pain using murine models. To investigate opioid tolerance and opioid-induced hyperalgesia, mice were subjected to twice daily treatments of saline or morphine using either a static (15 mg/kg, 5 days) or an escalating tolerance paradigm (10–40 mg/kg, 4 days). Systemic treatment with an AC1 inhibitor, ST03437 (2.5–10 mg/kg, IP), reduced morphine-induced hyperalgesia in mice. Lumbar intrathecal administration of a viral vector incorporating a short-hairpin RNA targeting Adcy1 reduced morphine-induced hypersensitivity compared to control mice. In contrast, acute morphine antinociception, along with thermal paw withdrawal latencies, motor performance, exploration in an open field test, and burrowing behaviors were not affected by intrathecal Adcy1 knockdown. Knockdown of Adcy1 by intrathecal injection also decreased inflammatory mechanical hyperalgesia and increased burrowing and nesting activity after intraplantar administration of Complete Freund’s Adjuvant (CFA) one-week post-injection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number937741
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
StatePublished - Sep 2 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Institute of Drug Abuse (K01DA042902, R01 DA051876; AK), the summer Undergraduate Research Program, and the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program from the University of Minnesota (AD), The Biology Undergraduate Research summer Training program from the University of Minnesota (AV), the TRIO McNair Scholars Program from the College of St. Scholastica (AE), and the Purdue University College of Pharmacy (VW).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Johnson, Doucette, Edwards, Verdi, McFarland, Hulke, Fowler, Watts and Klein.


  • adenylyl cyclase
  • hypersensitivity
  • inflammation
  • pain
  • tolerance

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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