Redox Processes of Manganese Oxide in Catalyzing Oxygen Evolution and Reduction: An in Situ Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study

Marcel Risch, Kelsey A. Stoerzinger, Binghong Han, Tom Z. Regier, Derek Peak, Sayed Youssef Sayed, Chao Wei, Zhichuan Xu, Yang Shao-Horn

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135 Scopus citations

Abstract

Manganese oxides with rich redox chemistry have been widely used in (electro)catalysis in applications of energy and environmental consequence. While they are ubiquitous in catalyzing the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), redox processes occurring on the surface of manganese oxides are poorly understood. We report valence changes at OER- and ORR-relevant voltages of a layered manganese oxide film prepared by electrodeposition. X-ray absorption spectra were collected in situ in O2-saturated 0.1 M KOH using inverse partial fluorescence yield (IPFY) at the Mn L3,2-edges and partial fluorescence yield (PFY) at the O K-edge. Overall, we found reversible yet hysteretic Mn redox and qualitatively reproducible spectral changes by Mn L3,2 IPFY XAS. Oxidation to a mixed Mn3+/4+ valence preceded the oxygen evolution at 1.65 V vs RHE, while manganese reduced below Mn3+ and contained tetrahedral Mn2+ during oxygen reduction at 0.5 V vs RHE. Analysis of the pre-edge in O K-edge XAS provided the Mn-O hybridization, which was highest for Mn3+ (eg1). Our study demonstrates that combined in situ experiments at the metal L- and oxygen K-edges are indispensable to identify both the active valence during catalysis and the hybridization with oxygen adsorbates, critical to the rational design of active catalysts for oxygen electrocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17682-17692
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume121
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

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