Light is arguably the most important resource for plants, and an array of photosensory pigments enables plants to develop optimally in a broad range of ambient-light conditions. The red- and far-red-light-absorbing photosensory pigments or phytochromes (phy) regulate seedling deetiolation responses, photoperiodic flowering, and circadian rhythm. We have identified a long hypocotyl mutant under red and far-red light, rfi2-1 (red and far-red insensitive 2 to T). rfi2-1 was also impaired in phytochrome-mediated end-of-day far-red light response, cotyledon expansion, far-red light block of greening, and light-induced expression of CHLOROPHYLL A/B BINDING PROTEIN 3 and CHALCONE SYNTHASE. Introduction of rfi2-1 mutation into phyB-9 or phyA-211 did not enhance or suppress the long hypocotyl phenotype of phyB-9 or phyA-211 under red or far-red light, respectively, and RFI2 likely functions downstream of phyB or phyA. RFI2 was identified through the segregation of two T-DNA insertions into different recombinant lines, genetic rescue, and phenotypic characterization of a second mutant allele rfi2-2. RF12 encodes a protein with a C3H 2C3-type zinc finger or RING domain known to mediate protein-protein or protein-DNA interactions, and RFI2 is localized to the nucleus. RFI2 therefore reveals a signaling step that mediates phytochrome control of seedling deetiolation.