Detailed cytogenetic analyses were carried out on primary tumor specimens and cell lines from 23 patients with pleural malignant mesothelioma (MM). Clonal abnormalities were identified in 20 of 23 MM. In 3 cases, karyotypic data were compiled from harvests of both short-term cultures (1-3 days), and primary cultures grown on murine feeder layers for several weeks. The karyotypes obtained with these 2 different culture methods were very similar, although polyploid versions of abnormal clones were found only in the long-term cultures. In addition, while short-term cultures from 9 tumor biopsies usually exhibited near-diploid clones, cell lines derived from 11 tumors tended to have higher ploidies. Each of the cytogenetically abnormal MM displayed multiple clonal alterations. The 2 most frequent changes were chromosomal losses of specific regions in lp (17 cases) and 9p (16 cases). The shortest regions of overlap of these losses were at Ip21-p22 and 9p21-p22, respectively. Other common abnormalities included losses of 3p21 (13 cases) and 6ql5-q21 (9 cases), and numerical losses of chromosomes 14, 16, 18, and 22 (each observed in 10-13 tumors). In many of the MM examined, most or all of these recurrent changes occurred in combination, suggesting the involvement of a pathogenetic cascade in this cancer. The pattern of recurrent chromosomal losses suggests that these regions represent the locations of tumor suppressor genes whose loss/inactivation may have a pivotal role in MM tumorigenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Sep 1993|