Rationale & Objective: Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is a rare glomerular disease that often progresses to kidney failure requiring kidney replacement therapy. We have recently identified a novel biomarker of FGN, DnaJ homolog subfamily B member 9 (DNAJB9). In this study, we used sequential protocol allograft biopsies and DNAJB9 staining to help characterize a series of patients with native kidney FGN who underwent kidney transplantation. Study Design: Case series. Setting & Participants: Between 1996 and 2016, kidney transplantation was performed on 19 patients with a reported diagnosis of FGN in their native/transplant kidneys. Using standard diagnostic criteria and DNAJB9 staining, we excluded 5 patients (4 atypical cases diagnosed as possible FGN and 1 donor-derived FGN). Protocol allograft biopsies had been performed at 4, 12, 24, 60, and 120 months posttransplantation. DNAJB9 immunohistochemistry was performed using an anti-DNAJB9 rabbit polyclonal antibody. Pre- and posttransplantation demographic and clinical characteristics were collected. Summary statistical analysis was performed, including nonparametric statistical tests. Observations: The 14 patients with FGN had a median posttransplantation follow-up of 5.7 (IQR, 2.9-13.8) years. 3 (21%) patients had recurrence of FGN, detected on the 5- (n = 1) and 10-year (n = 2) allograft biopsies. Median time to recurrence was 10.2 (IQR, 5-10.5) years. Median levels of proteinuria and iothalamate clearance at the time of recurrence were 243 mg/d and 56 mL/min. The remaining 11 patients had no evidence of histologic recurrence on the last posttransplantation biopsy, although the median time of follow-up was significantly less at 4.4 (IQR, 2.9-14.4) years. 3 (21%) patients had a monoclonal protein detectable in serum obtained pretransplantation; none of these patients had recurrent FGN. Limitations: Small study sample and shorter follow-up time in the nonrecurrent versus recurrent group. Conclusions: In this series, FGN had an indolent course in the kidney allograft in that detectable histologic recurrence did not appear for at least 5 years posttransplantation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for this project was made possible by Mayo Clinic Anatomic Pathology funds.
- DnaJ homolog subfamily B member 9 (DNAJB9) staining
- Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN)
- allograft kidney
- case series
- end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
- glomerular disease recurrence
- kidney transplantation
- monoclonal gammopathy
- protocol biopsy