Recruitment of participants in the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP). I. Description of methods

Gail G. Shapiro, Thomas R. DuHamel, Timothy G. Wighton, Tamara Chinn, C. Warren Bierman, Clifton T. Furukawa, Leonard C. Altman, Frank S. Virant, Paul V. Wil-Hams, Dominick A. Minotti, Michael S. Kennedy, Jonathan W. Becker, Chris Reagan, Heather Eliassen, Dan Crawford, Babi Hammond, Grace Strodtbeck, Marian Sharpe, Scott Weiss, Dirk GreinederWalter Torda, Martha Tata, Peter Barrant, Anthony De Filippo, Mary Grace, Stephanie Haynes, Margaret Higham, Susan Kelleher, Jay Koslof, Nancy Madden, Dana Mandel, Agnes Martinez, Jean McAuliffe, Paola Pacella, Paula Parks, Anne Plunkett, Kay Seligsohn, June Traylor, Melissa Van Horn, Janice Ware, Carolyn Wells, Ann Whitman, Joe Reisman, Ian MacLusky, Henry Levison, Anita Hall, Yola Benedet, Jennifer Chay, Michelle Collinson, Jane Finlayson-Kulchin, Kenneth Gore, Melody Miki, Renee Sananes, N. Franklin Adkinson, Peyton Eggleston, Karen Huss, Leslie Plotnick, Margaret Pulsifer, Cynthia Rand, Barbara Wheeler, Nancy Boilers, Kimberly Hyatt, Betsy Leritz, Mildred Pessaro, Stephanie Philips, Stanley Szefler, Harold S. Nelson, D. Sundström, Bruce Bender, Kristin Brelsford, Melanie Gleason, Caroline Hendrickson, Tara Junk, Andrew Liu, Joseph Spahn, Michael P. White, Jeryl Feeley, Jessyca Bridges, Jody Ciacco, Michael Eltz, Michael Flynn, Joseph Hassell, Marcia Hefner, Daniel Hettleman, Charles G. Irvin, Jeffrey Jacobs, Alan Kamada, Sai Nimmagadda, Kendra Sandoval, Jessica Sheridan, Trella Washington, Eric Willcutt, Robert Zeiger, Anthony Horner, Noah Friedman, Al Jalowayski, Alan Lincoln, Michael H. Mellon, Michael Schatz, Kathleen Harden, Linda L. Galbreath, Ellen Hanson, Elaine M. Jenson, Shirley King, Brian Lopez, Michaela Magiari, Catherine A. Nelle, Senia Pizzo, Eva Rodriquez, James G. Easton, Kathleen Mostafa, Avraham Moscona, Karen Sandoval, Nevin W. Wilson, H. William Kelly, Robert Annett, Michael Clayton, Bennie McWilliams, Mary Spicher, Diane Becker, Selda Bereket, Marisa Braun, Shannon Bush, David Hunt, Margaret Moreshead, Barbara Ortega, Robert C. Strunk, Leonard Bacharier, Gordon R. Bloomberg, James M. Corry, Ellen Albers, W. Patrick Buchanan, Gregg Belle, Marisa Dolinsky, Edwin B. Fisher, Stephen J. Gaioni, Emily Glynn, Bernadette Heckman, Cathy Herman, Debra Kemp, Claire Lawhon, Cynthia Moseid, Tina Oliver-Welker, Denise Rodgers, Sharon Sagel, Deborah K. White, Mary Caesar, Diana S. Richardson, Elizabeth Ryan, Thomas F. Smith, Susan C. Sylvia, Carl Turner, Reuben Cherniack, James Tonascia, Curtis Meinert, Debra Amend-Libercci, Pat Belt, Karen Collins, Betty Collison, Christopher Dawson, Dawn Dawson, John Dodge, Michele Donithan, Vera Edmonds, Cathleen Ewing, Judith Harle, Robert Huffman, Rosetta Jackson, Kung Yee Liang, Jill Meinert, Deborah Nowakowski, Michael Smith, Alice Sternberg, Mark Van Natta, Robert Wise, Robert Rice, Bob Hughes, Tom Lynch, Sarma Vadlamani, Robert G. Hamilton, Carol Schatz, Jack Wisenauer, Ronald J. Harbeck, Rhonda Emerick, Brian Watson, Anne Walker, Cindi Culkin, Sarah Oliver, Colleen Lum Lung, Ann Mullen, Arlin Lehman, Virginia Taggart, Pamela Randall, Paul Albert, Suzanne Hurd, James Kiley, Margaret Wu, Sydney Parker, Rolland Poust, David Herold, Dennis Elbert, Howard Eigen, Michelle Cloutier, John Connett, Leona Cuttler, Clarence E. Davis, David Evans, Meyer Kattan, Sanford Leikin, Rogelio Menendez, F. Estelle R. Simons, Curtis L. Meinert, Alice L. Sternberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP), a multicenter clinical trial sponsored by the Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), is the largest outcome study of mild to moderate asthma in children to be undertaken, with eight clinical centers in the United States and Canada participating. The initial recruitment goal was 960 children within an 18-month recruitment period. Recruitment was extended to 23 months, with 1041 children randomized from late December, 1993, to early September, 1995. In this time interval each of the eight centers met the recruitment goal of 120 using a variety of self-selected recruitment strategies. The goal for minority recruiting was 33%, or 320 of the planned 960 children to be recruited. CAMP achieved the overall goal for the number of minorities, with 330 patients. Three centers recruited at or above the expected rate from the beginning. The other five centers had significant delays in recruitment. Examination of the recruitment experiences of the centers with and without delays did not indicate any single recruitment strategy that was certain to be successful. The most commonly cited factors for success were a cohesive staff, endorsement of participation by the child's primary care provider, and ability of the staff to be flexible and honest in assessing progress and the value of recruiting methods being used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-237
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Children
  • Clinical trial
  • Minority recruiting
  • Multicentered
  • Recruiting

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