Recovery of the gut microbiome following fecal microbiota transplantation

Anna M. Seekatz, Johannes Aas, Charles E. Gessert, Timothy A. Rubin, Daniel M. Saman, Johan S. Bakken, Vincent B. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clostridium difficile infection is one of the most common health care-associated infections, and up to 40% of patients suffer from recurrence of disease following standard antibiotic therapy. Recently, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been successfully used to treat recurrent C. difficile infection. It is hypothesized that FMT aids in recovery of a microbiota capable of colonization resistance to C. difficile. However, it is not fully understood how this occurs. Here we investigated changes in the fecal microbiota structure following FMT in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection, and imputed a hypothetical functional profile based on the 16S rRNA profile using a predictive metagenomic tool. Increased relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and decreased abundance of Proteobacteria were observed following FMT. The fecal microbiota of recipients following transplantation was more diverse and more similar to the donor profile than the microbiota prior to transplantation. Additionally, we observed differences in the imputed metagenomic profile. In particular, amino acid transport systems were overrepresented in samples collected prior to transplantation. These results suggest that functional changes accompany microbial structural changes following this therapy. Further identification of the specific community members and functions that promote colonization resistance may aid in the development of improved treatment methods for C. difficile infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00893-14
JournalmBio
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Recovery of the gut microbiome following fecal microbiota transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Seekatz, A. M., Aas, J., Gessert, C. E., Rubin, T. A., Saman, D. M., Bakken, J. S., & Young, V. B. (2014). Recovery of the gut microbiome following fecal microbiota transplantation. mBio, 5(3), [e00893-14]. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00893-14