Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica leukotoxin (LktA) is the primary virulence factor contributing to the pathogenesis of lung injury in bovine pneumonic mannheimiosis (BPM), a disease which causes major economic loss to the US cattle industry annually. Recent work from our laboratory using an antibody-based approach has shown that LktA binds to bovine LFA-1 in target cells. While this study suggests that LFA-1 might be a specific receptor, it remains to be conclusively shown that LFA-1 is sufficient to induce susceptibility to LktA. It was of interest to determine if functionally active bovine LFA-1 could be reconstituted on a LFA-1 negative cell line and reconstitute susceptibility to LktA. Here, we report the successful recombinant expression of bovine LFA-1 on the cell surface of the human erythroleukemic K562 cell line. The BoLFA-1 transductant expresses bovine CD18 and CD11a as a heterodimer. We found that LktA binds to both the CD18 and CD11a subunits of BoLFA-1 cells. Exposure of BoLFA-1 cells to LktA, induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the CD18 tail, elevation of intracellular calcium, and cytolysis. This is the first report on recombinant expression of functionally active bovine LFA-1 by transduction into an LktA-non-susceptible human cell line.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by USDA-NRI competitive grant # 35204-9230, and Minnesota Agricultural Experimental Station grant.
- Bovine LFA-1
- Mannhemia haemolytica