Reciprocal Associations Among Maternal and Child Characteristics of At-Risk Families: A Longitudinal Actor-Partner Interdependence Model

Amy M. Claridge, Armeda S. Wojciak, Cassandra G. Lettenberger-Klein, Haley V. Pettigrew, Lenore M. Mcwey, Casey L. Chaviano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Researchers have found linear associations among maternal and child characteristics. However, family systems theorists suggest that relationships are more complex and family members are interdependent. We used actor-partner interdependence modeling to unravel associations among maternal and child characteristics to predict outcomes in adolescence. We used data from 361 mother-child dyads from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect and found both actor and partner effects. Maternal depression and history of victimization were associated with children's later reports of lower mother-adolescent relationship quality. Children's perceptions of relationship quality were also associated with mothers' later depressive symptoms and perceptions of relationship quality. Overall, results highlighted interdependence among mothers and their children over time. We discuss implications for marriage and family therapists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-323
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of marital and family therapy
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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