Recent Progress in Hydrometallurgical Processing of Nickel Lateritic Ore

Neha Pandey, Sunil Kumar Tripathy, Sovan Kumar Patra, Gaurav Jha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the growth of the stainless-steel industry, the focus has moved toward making specialized steels, where Ni has proved itself as a significant ingredient. With time, Ni demand has inclined toward the energy storage sector. Observing the drastic application in several areas, Ni demand has grown multi-fold in recent years. Ni requirement was conventionally being fulfilled by the high-grade sulfidic ores, which have been facing scarcity issues for quite a long time. These issues may get suitably addressed with the introduction of lateritic ores. Lateritic ore contributes to 70% of total nickel resources. However, due to its low grades, and comparatively higher impurity constituents, it requires specific preprocessing steps prior to utilization. The present article reviews the insight into the available hydrometallurgical approaches for treating laterite ores and the separation of nickel and cobalt from hydrometallurgy routes. Caron process, a combination of pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy, is also well described in the review. Mineralogy aspects and the spatial distribution of laterites ore play an essential role in selecting the best-suited hydrometallurgical route, which is also discussed. The work has introduced a novel attempt where the ore genesis, corresponding hydrometallurgical processing, and the relatable post-leaching treatment are collated for better understanding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-30
Number of pages20
JournalTransactions of the Indian Institute of Metals
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM.

Keywords

  • Battery materials
  • Laterite
  • Leaching
  • Limonite
  • Nickel mineralogy
  • Sulfidic

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Recent Progress in Hydrometallurgical Processing of Nickel Lateritic Ore'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this