Recent advances in wireless smart sensors for multi-scale monitoring and control of civil infrastructure

Billie F. Spencer, Hongki Jo, Kirill A. Mechitov, Jian Li, Sung Han Sim, Robin E. Kim, Soojin Cho, Lauren E. Linderman, Parya Moinzadeh, Ryan K. Giles, Gul Agha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


While much of the technology associated with wireless smart sensors (WSS) has been available for over a decade, only a limited number of full-scale implementations have been realized for civil infrastructure, primarily due to the lack of critical hardware and software elements. Using the Imote2, a flexible WSS framework has been developed for full-scale, autonomous structural health monitoring (SHM) that integrates the necessary software and hardware elements, while addressing key implementation requirements for civil infrastructure. This paper discusses the recent advances in the development of this WSS framework and extensions to structural control. Their successful implementations at full-scale for SHM of the 2nd Jindo Bridge in South Korea and the Government Bridge at the Rock Island Arsenal in Illinois, USA, as well as for wireless control of a lab-scale structure are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-41
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the National Science Foundation (CMS 06-00433, CMMI 07-24172, CMS 09-28886, and CPS 10-35773), the Korea Research Foundation (NRF-2008-220-D00117), Smart Infrastructure Technology Center (SISTeC) at KAIST, and the US Army Corps of Engineers (MEC W9132T-ILL-006). This support is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


  • Full-scale bridge implementations
  • Service-oriented architecture
  • Structural health monitoring
  • Wireless smart sensors


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