Recent Advances in Chinese Developmental Dyslexia

Linjun Zhang, Zhichao Xia, Yang Zhao, Hua Shu, Yang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Chinese developmental dyslexia (DD) research provides important insights into the language-universal and language-specific mechanisms underlying dyslexia. In this article, we review recent advances in Chinese DD. Converging behavioral evidence suggests that, while phonological and rapid automatized naming deficits are language universal, orthographic and morphological deficits are specific to the linguistic properties of Chinese. At the neural level, hypoactivation in the left superior temporal/inferior frontal regions in dyslexic children across Chinese and alphabetic languages may indicate a shared phonological processing deficit, whereas hyperactivation in the right inferior occipital/middle temporal regions and atypical activation in the left frontal areas in Chinese dyslexic children may indicate a language-specific compensatory strategy for impaired visual-spatial analysis and a morphological deficit in Chinese DD, respectively. The findings call for further theoretical endeavors to understand the language-universal and Chinese-specific neurobiological mechanisms underlying dyslexia and to design more effective and efficient intervention programs.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-461
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual Review of Linguistics
StatePublished - Jan 17 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the author(s).


  • Chinese developmental dyslexia
  • brain abnormality
  • language specifc
  • language universal
  • linguistic profles
  • susceptibility gene


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