Recent advances in cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Keith G. Lurie, Karl H. Lindner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mechanical and pharmacologic measures intended to increase blood flow to vital organs are the mainstay of therapy for patients in cardiac arrest. Several new cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) techniques as well as novel devices and pharmacologic agents have been developed and tested since the first report of manual closed chested CPR over three decades ago. These recent mechanical and pharmacologic advances in the treatment of cardiac arrest are described. Some of these new techniques, devices, and drug therapies are presently undergoing clinical evaluation in patients in cardiac arrest. While many of these new methods and techniques have shown promise in small clinical trials in humans, none have yet to be found to be conclusively superior to manual closed chested CPR and treatment with standard pharmacologic agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-600
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • arrhythmia
  • cardiac arrest
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • epinephrine
  • nitroglycerin
  • vasopressin
  • ventricular fibrilation

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