Real estate development in anticipation of the Green Line light rail transit in St. Paul

Jason Cao, Dean Porter-Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although previous studies have extensively explored the impacts of rail transit on economic development after its opening, few have examined its impact on real estate development before its opening. Using the building permit data of the city of St. Paul, this study investigates the effects of key announcements of the Green Line light rail transit (LRT) by employing location quotient analysis and difference-in-difference models to compare building activity in the LRT corridor and control corridors. We found that the announcement of preliminary engineering had no positive impacts on the count and value of building permits whereas the announcement of Full Funding Grant Agreement tended to increase the number of building permit by about 24% and the value by 80%. We concluded that LRT investment, in conjunction with proactive land use planning policies, public subsidies and public funded projects, increases building activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-32
Number of pages9
JournalTransport Policy
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Building permit
  • Economic development
  • Land use
  • Rail transit
  • Transit-oriented development

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