Readmission to an Acute Care Hospital During Inpatient Rehabilitation After Stroke

Amanda A. Herrmann, Ella A. Chrenka, Gretchen M. Niemioja, Sally I. Othman, Katherine R. Podoll, Annika K. Oie, Haitham M. Hussein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify causes for readmission to acute care of patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation facility after stroke.

DESIGN: The institutional Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation database was used to identify stroke patients who experienced readmission to acute care and an equal number of age-/sex-matched group of patients who successfully completed their inpatient rehabilitation facility stay during 2005-2018. Retrospective chart review was used to extract clinical data. The two study groups were compared using univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS: The rate of readmission to acute care was 4.7% (n = 89; age = 65 ± 14 yrs; 37% female; 65% White; 73% ischemic stroke). The most common indications for transfer were neurological (31%) and cardiovascular (28%). Compared with control group, the readmission to acute care group had statistically higher rates of comorbid conditions, lower median (interquartile range) Functional Independence Measure score on inpatient rehabilitation facility admission (55 [37-65] vs. 64 [51-78], P < 0.001), and a higher rate of sedative/hypnotic prescription (82% vs. 23%, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Readmission to acute care is not common in our cohort. Patients who experienced readmission to acute care had higher medical complexity and were prescribed more sedative/hypnotic medications than the control group. Practitioners should be vigilant in patients who meet these criteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-445
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume101
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded by the Research, Education, and Development fund through Regions Hospital, St Paul, MN.

Publisher Copyright:
© Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Inpatients
  • Patient Readmission
  • Patient Transfer
  • Rehabilitation Centers
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Length of Stay
  • Stroke
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Hospitals
  • Female
  • Aged
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Retrospective Studies

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Journal Article

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