Reactive hyperemia following one-beat coronary occlusions in the awake dog

R. J. Bache, D. S. Hess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was performed to examine the effect of alterations of cardiac activity during brief coronary artery occlusions on the subsequent reactive hyperemic response. Reactive hyperemia following coronary occlusions equal in duration to one cardiac cycle were examined in 12 chornically instrumented awake dogs while heart rate was maintained constant by cardiac pacing. During continuous pacing, one-beat coronary occlusions resulted in reactive hyperemia with excess flow equal to 220 ± 23% blood flow debt repayment. When coronary occlusions of identical duration were performed while a single cycle of pacing was omitted during the interval of occlusion, the subsequent reactive hyperemia was decreased. Conversely, when coronary occlusion was produced during the first potentiated beat following a single cycle of paired ventricular stimulation, the reactive hyperemia was increased. Since, in the absence of coronary occlusion, omitting a single paced beat caused a transient decrease in coronary flow, while a single cycle of paired ventricular stimulation caused a brief increase in coronary flow, the reactive hyperemic responses were corrected for these perturbations in flow. Despite these corrections, the influence of alterations of myocardial activity during the interval of occlusion persisted, with the decreased reactive hyperemia when occlusion occurred during an omitted beat and increased hyperemia when occlusion was performed during a potentiated beat. These data indicate substantial coupling between myocardial activity during coronary occlusions as brief as one cardiac cycle in duration and the subsequent reactive hyperemic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H474-H481
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume250
Issue number3 (19/3)
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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