Reactive evaporation of chevrel phase superconducting compounds

R. J. Webb, A. M. Goldman, J. H. Kang, J. Maps, M. F. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Thin films of Chevrel phase compounds CuMo6S8 and CuMo6S8 have been formed using a reactive evaporation technique in which the metallic constituents are derived from either electron-gun or resistively heated sources and S vapor is obtained from a molecular beam oven. The constituents are reacted on a sapphire substrate kept at elevated temperatures. Compositional uniformity is insured by controlling the S rate and locking the rates of the other sources to it in a prearranged fashion. The evaporation system used in this work is equipped with a vacuum lock which permits substrates to be changed without reprocessing the system. CuMo6S8 films produced using these techniques are relatively pure and well-ordered. HoMo6S8 films show a resistance minimum but do not become completely superconducting as prepared, but do so after reactive annealing. These methods have not been used successfully to form CuMo6S8 films because of the high volatility and short dwell time of Pb on the substrate surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)835-838
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985


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