Reactions at polymer-polymer interfaces for blend compatibilization

Christopher W. Macosko, Hyun K. Jeon, Thomas R. Hoye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coupling functionalized polymers at the interface between them is a major route to compatibilize immiscible polymer blends. The reactively formed block or graft copolymers both stabilize morphology and enhance adhesion. Reactive coupling can also be used to increase the adhesion between coextruded films and for solvent-free synthesis of block copolymers, producing new nanostructured materials, not possible by normal synthetic routes. To produce materials with desirable final properties, it is important to predict how much copolymer will be formed under the processing conditions. This demands characterizing and understanding the interfacial reaction under processing conditions. This review focuses on our research that has investigated the major factors influencing the interfacial reaction such as the inherent reactivity of functional polymers, thermodynamic interaction between polymers, functional group location along a chain, and the effect of processing flows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-947
Number of pages9
JournalProgress in Polymer Science (Oxford)
Volume30
Issue number8-9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Jianbin Zhang for help in completing this manuscript. This research has been supported by grants from the MRSEC program of the National Science Foundation under Award Number DMR-0212302, IPRIME (the Industrial Partnership for Research in Interfacial and Materials Engineering at the University of Minnesota) and the Dow Chemical Company.

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