Reaction intermediate analogues as bisubstrate inhibitors of pantothenate synthetase

Zhixiang Xu, Wei Yin, Leonardo K. Martinelli, Joanna Evans, Jinglei Chen, Yang Yu, Daniel Wilson, Valerie Mizrahi, Chunhua Qiao, Courtney Aldrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


The biosynthesis of pantothenate, the core of coenzyme A (CoA), has been considered an attractive target for the development of antimicrobial agents since this pathway is essential in prokaryotes, but absent in mammals. Pantothenate synthetase, encoded by the gene panC, catalyzes the final condensation of pantoic acid with β-alanine to afford pantothenate via an intermediate pantoyl adenylate. We describe the synthesis and biochemical characterization of five PanC inhibitors that mimic the intermediate pantoyl adenylate. These inhibitors are competitive inhibitors with respect to pantoic acid and possess submicromolar to micromolar inhibition constants. The observed SAR is rationalized through molecular docking studies based on the reported co-crystal structure of 1a with PanC. Finally, whole cell activity is assessed against wild-type Mtb as well as a PanC knockdown strain where PanC is depleted to less than 5% of wild-type levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1726-1735
Number of pages10
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014


  • Adenylation
  • Bisubstrate inhibitor
  • Coenzyme A
  • Pantothenate synthetase
  • Tuberculosis

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