Reaching the Limits of Enhancement in (Sub)Nanometer Metal Structures

Reuven Gordon, Aftab Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Plasmonic enhancement has had remarkable success in optical coupling to the nanometer scale, enabling feats such as Raman spectroscopy with single molecule sensitivity. Here it is argued that much greater enhancements are possible in the near future by combining the gains of plasmonic resonances, directivity, subnanometer gaps, and permittivity near-zero materials. The pursuit of such extraordinary enhancements promises to bring new physics such as peering into the world of quantum optomechanics. It also promises new applications such as quantitative single molecule Raman spectroscopy and low photon number nonlinear optical switching. In addition, by pushing the limits of plasmonic enhancement, it is expected that the community will gain a greater appreciation of how physical phenomena such as nonlocality, surface scattering, and quantum tunneling each play a role in determining the ultimate performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4222-4228
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 21 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the Canada Research Chairs Program and the NSERC Discovery Grant Program for funding to support nanoplasmonics research.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society.


  • Raman
  • near-field
  • nonlinear optics
  • plasmonics


Dive into the research topics of 'Reaching the Limits of Enhancement in (Sub)Nanometer Metal Structures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this