BACKGROUND: Little data exist on re-hospitalization rates in pediatric kidney recipients (KTx) particularly with the evolution of transplant immunosuppression.
METHODS: In a single-center, retrospective study of pediatric KTx between 2006 and 2016, we assessed re-hospitalization after KTx admission, stratified by whether the re-admit was early (<30 days post-KTx discharge) or late (>30 days), and compared two different immunosuppression eras (one with and one without steroids).
RESULTS: Of 197 KTx, 156 (79%) patients were re-hospitalized in 1st year, 85 (56%) within 30 days of discharge (total 490 1st year re-hospitalizations). Younger age was associated with early and late re-hospitalizations. African American race was associated with early re-hospitalizations. Of the 123 and 74 discharged on steroid-avoidance (maintenance immunosuppression included MMF in 95%; FK in 50%; CSA in 50%) and steroid-inclusive (AZA in 66%; MMF in 34%; FK in 30%; CSA in 70%), re-hospitalization rates, timing post-transplant, length, and number were not significantly different (P .38; .1; .56; .11). Admission diagnoses analysis demonstrated that steroid-avoidance recipients had anemia/leucopenia/thrombocytopenia, significantly more often, as one of their admission diagnoses (16% vs 4%; P < .001) and had a rejection diagnosis significantly less often (6% vs 18%; P < .001). Infection diagnoses were not statistically different between groups. Re-hospitalization, early or late, did not predict worse graft/ patient survival but predicted further hospitalizations.
CONCLUSIONS: Re-hospitalization is common after pediatric transplant discharge and predicts further hospitalization regardless of discharge on or off steroids.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC
- pediatric kidney
- quality of life
- steroid avoidance
- steroid elimination
- steroid withdrawal
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article