Re-hospitalization after pediatric kidney transplant: A single-center study

Priya S. Verghese, Srinath Chinnakotla, Danielle Berglund, Arthur J. Matas, Blanche Chavers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Little data exist on re-hospitalization rates in pediatric kidney recipients (KTx) particularly with the evolution of transplant immunosuppression. Methods: In a single-center, retrospective study of pediatric KTx between 2006 and 2016, we assessed re-hospitalization after KTx admission, stratified by whether the re-admit was early (<30 days post-KTx discharge) or late (>30 days), and compared two different immunosuppression eras (one with and one without steroids). Results: Of 197 KTx, 156 (79%) patients were re-hospitalized in 1st year, 85 (56%) within 30 days of discharge (total 490 1st year re-hospitalizations). Younger age was associated with early and late re-hospitalizations. African American race was associated with early re-hospitalizations. Of the 123 and 74 discharged on steroid-avoidance (maintenance immunosuppression included MMF in 95%; FK in 50%; CSA in 50%) and steroid-inclusive (AZA in 66%; MMF in 34%; FK in 30%; CSA in 70%), re-hospitalization rates, timing post-transplant, length, and number were not significantly different (P.38;.1;.56;.11). Admission diagnoses analysis demonstrated that steroid-avoidance recipients had anemia/leucopenia/thrombocytopenia, significantly more often, as one of their admission diagnoses (16% vs 4%; P <.001) and had a rejection diagnosis significantly less often (6% vs 18%; P <.001). Infection diagnoses were not statistically different between groups. Re-hospitalization, early or late, did not predict worse graft/ patient survival but predicted further hospitalizations. Conclusions: Re-hospitalization is common after pediatric transplant discharge and predicts further hospitalization regardless of discharge on or off steroids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13717
JournalPediatric transplantation
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • hospitalization
  • pediatric kidney
  • quality of life
  • steroid avoidance
  • steroid elimination
  • steroid withdrawal

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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