Rate and Predictors of Acute Care Encounters in the First Month After Stroke

Haitham M. Hussein, Ella A. Chrenka, Amanda A. Herrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this quality improvement project is to understand the burden of acute care, including inpatient readmission and emergency department (ED) visits, in the month following hospital discharge after stroke. Materials and Methods: We identified patients discharged from our hospitals between 2015 and 2018 with any stroke diagnosis who had an unplanned readmission or ED visit within the first month after discharge, and those who had primary care (PC) visits before or after their stroke. Patients were compared regarding demographics, clinical characteristics, and PC visits. Independent predictors of acute care encounters were examined using logistic regression. Results: A total of 166 patients (19%) had an acute care encounter one month after discharge. Eighty-eight (10%) patients were readmitted and 78 (9%) patients had an ED visit. Encounter diagnoses were different between the two groups; inpatient readmission had more frequent acute stroke/TIA and pneumonia/pulmonary indications, while ED visits had more non-specific neurologic symptoms and more frequent cardiovascular complaints. Independent predictors of any acute care encounter and inpatient readmission were younger age, longer length of stay (LOS), and lack of PC visit after discharge. Predictors of ED visits were the same except for LOS. Conclusions: 30-day acute care encounters after stroke hospitalization are common, affecting 19% of patients and usually occurring in the first week after discharge. Post discharge PC visit was associated with a decreased need for acute care. Efforts should be made to facilitate a PC visit within a week after discharge, especially in high risk patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106466
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was unfunded and did not receive any financial support. The authors would like to than Lauren Erickson, MS, (HealthPartners Institute Biostatistician) and summer undergraduate research interns Austin Williams and Nathaly Romero Jara for reviewing the manuscript and providing useful feedback. The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Emergency department
  • Hospital readmissions
  • Primary health care
  • Quality improvement
  • Stroke

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