Rate and frequency of recurrence of uroliths after an initial ammonium urate, calcium oxalate, or struvite urolith in cats

Hasan Albasan, Carl A Osborne, Jody P. Lulich, Chalermpol Lekcharoensuk, Lori A. Koehler, Lisa K Ulrich, Laura L. Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To determine frequency of and interval until recurrence after initial ammonium urate, calcium oxalate, and struvite uroliths in cats and whether breed, age, or sex was associated with increased risk for urolith recurrence. Design - Case-control study. Animals - 4,435 cats with recurrent uroliths. Procedures - To identify recurrence of uroliths in cats for which uroliths were submitted for analysis at the Minnesota Urolith Center in 1998, the facility's database was searched for urolith resubmissions from the same cats between 1998 and 2003. Risk factors and differences in mean interval until recurrence were assessed. Results - Of 221 cats with ammonium urate uroliths in 1998, 29 (13.1 %) had a first and 9 (4.1 %) had a second recurrence. Mean interval until recurrence was 22 and 43 months for the first and second recurrence, respectively. Of 2,393 cats with calcium oxalate uroliths in 1998, 169 (7.1%) had a first, 15 (0.6%) had a second, and 2 (0.1%) had a third recurrence. Mean interval until recurrence was 25, 38, and 48 months for the first, second, and third recurrence, respectively. Of 1,821 cats with struvite uroliths in 1998, 49 (2.7%) had a first and 3 (0.2%) had a second recurrence. Mean interval until recurrence was 29 months for first and 40 months for second recurrences. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - These results provided insights into the frequency of urolith recurrence in cats. Because some uroliths associated with recurrent episodes probably were not submitted to our facility, our data likely represented an underestimation of the actual recurrence rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1450-1455
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume235
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2009

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Rate and frequency of recurrence of uroliths after an initial ammonium urate, calcium oxalate, or struvite urolith in cats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this