A single dose of oral aspirin in human subjects inhibits the aggregation response of platelets to arachidonate and other agents for approximately one week after ingestion. In the present study we have evaluated the rate at which cyclo-oxygenase active platelets return] to the circulation in human and dogs and compared the response curves obtained to improvements in cyclo-oxygenase activity produced by the aspirin platelets. After a single dose of aspirin, dog platelet function was compromised for several days. Normal responses to arachidonate and other aggregating agents were restored six days after aspirin, and the pattern of recovery was the same for dogs and human subjects. However, cyclo-oxygenase active platelets returned to the circulation in dogs more rapidly than in humans and chemical competence was erstored in both species well before correction of the defective response to aggregating agents. The delay of 1-3 days before return of significant numbers of cyclo-oxygenase active platelets most likely reflects acetylation of bone marrow megakaryocytes by the drug. More rapid return of chemically competent cells in dogs than humans probably relates to the more rapid turnover and shorter life span of canine platelets. The basis for the discrepancy in return of chemical integrity compared to functional activity after aspirin in vivo compared to simultaneous correction of chemistry and function when 10% normal platelets are added to aspirin platelets in vitro remains unresolved.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by USPHS grants HL-11880, AM-06317, HL-06314, CA-12607, CA-08832, CA-11996, GM-AM-22167, HL-20695, HL-168-3, AM-15317 and AM-17697.