Rapid generation cycling enhances selection rate of gladiolus ×hybridus

Neil O Anderson, J. Carter, A. Hershman, V. Houseright

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geophytic floricultural crops, i.e., those with underground storage organs, are primarily vegetatively (asexually) propagated. During breeding, domestication, and continued crop improvement, sexual cycles are neceßary to study trait inheritance and select new genetic variation. The University of Minnesota Flower Breeding and Genetic program is breeding new phenotypes of Gladiolus, a cut flower and garden crop with corms. Typical generation cycles from seed to flower take 3-5 years. Our objectives were to create a rapid generation cycling proceß to select early flowering seedlings and enhance the rate of genetic improvement. Techniques under evaluation include germination (week) in the plug phase and correlation with flowering date, fast cycling of generations (2-3/year), along with selection of high leaf number and early stem stalk emergence in cycles 1-3. A total of 71 croßes and N=1,026 seedlings were evaluated in this study. Seedlings germinated primarily in weeks 2-4 after sowing although some croßes took until week 7. All seedlings had one leaf/plant in cycle 1; whereas in cycle 2, leaf counts ranged from one to seven. By cycle 2, 6% of the seedlings (primarily from six croßes) also had elongated stems with 1-4 leaves/stem. Stem elongation in cycle 2 is a highly heritable trait. Cycle 3 plants with elongated stems flowered, reducing generation time as much as 1-2 cycles. As many as three cycles (generations)/year could be accomplished consisting of reduced greenhouse growth, dry down and cold storage treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationXXV International EUCARPIA Symposium Section Ornamentals
Subtitle of host publicationCrossing Borders
EditorsJ. Van Huylenbroeck, E. Dhooghe
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages429-435
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9789462610781
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 2015

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1087
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Fingerprint

Gladiolus
seedlings
stems
leaves
breeding
floriculture crops
flowering
flowers
corms
storage organs
cut flowers
crops
stem elongation
domestication
cold storage
genetic improvement
inheritance (genetics)
sowing
germination
greenhouses

Keywords

  • Corm
  • Flowering
  • Hybrids
  • Seed germination
  • Seedling leaf counts
  • Yield potential

Cite this

Anderson, N. O., Carter, J., Hershman, A., & Houseright, V. (2015). Rapid generation cycling enhances selection rate of gladiolus ×hybridus. In J. Van Huylenbroeck, & E. Dhooghe (Eds.), XXV International EUCARPIA Symposium Section Ornamentals: Crossing Borders (pp. 429-435). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1087). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1087.58

Rapid generation cycling enhances selection rate of gladiolus ×hybridus. / Anderson, Neil O; Carter, J.; Hershman, A.; Houseright, V.

XXV International EUCARPIA Symposium Section Ornamentals: Crossing Borders. ed. / J. Van Huylenbroeck; E. Dhooghe. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2015. p. 429-435 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1087).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Anderson, NO, Carter, J, Hershman, A & Houseright, V 2015, Rapid generation cycling enhances selection rate of gladiolus ×hybridus. in J Van Huylenbroeck & E Dhooghe (eds), XXV International EUCARPIA Symposium Section Ornamentals: Crossing Borders. Acta Horticulturae, vol. 1087, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 429-435. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1087.58
Anderson NO, Carter J, Hershman A, Houseright V. Rapid generation cycling enhances selection rate of gladiolus ×hybridus. In Van Huylenbroeck J, Dhooghe E, editors, XXV International EUCARPIA Symposium Section Ornamentals: Crossing Borders. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2015. p. 429-435. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1087.58
Anderson, Neil O ; Carter, J. ; Hershman, A. ; Houseright, V. / Rapid generation cycling enhances selection rate of gladiolus ×hybridus. XXV International EUCARPIA Symposium Section Ornamentals: Crossing Borders. editor / J. Van Huylenbroeck ; E. Dhooghe. International Society for Horticultural Science, 2015. pp. 429-435 (Acta Horticulturae).
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abstract = "Geophytic floricultural crops, i.e., those with underground storage organs, are primarily vegetatively (asexually) propagated. During breeding, domestication, and continued crop improvement, sexual cycles are nece{\ss}ary to study trait inheritance and select new genetic variation. The University of Minnesota Flower Breeding and Genetic program is breeding new phenotypes of Gladiolus, a cut flower and garden crop with corms. Typical generation cycles from seed to flower take 3-5 years. Our objectives were to create a rapid generation cycling proce{\ss} to select early flowering seedlings and enhance the rate of genetic improvement. Techniques under evaluation include germination (week) in the plug phase and correlation with flowering date, fast cycling of generations (2-3/year), along with selection of high leaf number and early stem stalk emergence in cycles 1-3. A total of 71 cro{\ss}es and N=1,026 seedlings were evaluated in this study. Seedlings germinated primarily in weeks 2-4 after sowing although some cro{\ss}es took until week 7. All seedlings had one leaf/plant in cycle 1; whereas in cycle 2, leaf counts ranged from one to seven. By cycle 2, 6{\%} of the seedlings (primarily from six cro{\ss}es) also had elongated stems with 1-4 leaves/stem. Stem elongation in cycle 2 is a highly heritable trait. Cycle 3 plants with elongated stems flowered, reducing generation time as much as 1-2 cycles. As many as three cycles (generations)/year could be accomplished consisting of reduced greenhouse growth, dry down and cold storage treatments.",
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