Rapid directional changes associated with a 6.5kyr-long Blake geomagnetic excursion at the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge

Mark Bourne, Conall Mac Niocaill, Alex L. Thomas, Mads Faurschou Knudsen, Gideon M. Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Geomagnetic excursions are recognized as intrinsic features of the Earth's magnetic field. High-resolution records of field behaviour, captured in marine sedimentary cores, present an opportunity to determine the temporal and geometric character of the field during geomagnetic excursions and provide constraints on the mechanisms producing field variability. We present here the highest resolution record yet published of the Blake geomagnetic excursion (~125ka) measured in three cores from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1062 on the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge. The Blake excursion has a controversial structure and timing but these cores have a sufficiently high sedimentation rate (~10cmka -1) to allow detailed reconstruction of the field behaviour at this site during the excursion. Palaeomagnetic measurements of the cores reveal rapid transitions (<500yr) between the contemporary stable normal polarity and a completely reversed state of long duration which spans a stratigraphic interval of 0.7m. We determine the duration of the reversed state during the Blake excursion using oxygen isotope stratigraphy, combined with 230Th excess measurements to assess variations in the sedimentation rates through the sections of interest. This provides an age and duration for the Blake excursion with greater accuracy and with constrained uncertainty. We date the directional excursion as falling between 129 and 122ka with a duration for the deviation of 6.5±1.3kyr. The long duration of this interval and the fully reversed field suggest the existence of a pseudo-stable, reversed dipole field component during the excursion and challenge the idea that excursions are always of short duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-34
Number of pages14
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Samples were provided by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) and we thank the Bremen Core Repository (BCR) team for their assistance. The ARM acquisitions were carried out with the assistance of Adrian Muxworthy at Imperial College London. This work was supported by a NERC studentship to Mark Bourne and by NERC Grants NER/T/S/2003/00041 and NE/G001391/1 . Franco Marcantonio and an anonymous referee are thanked for full and useful reviews that improved the manuscript.


  • Blake
  • Geomagnetic excursion
  • Geomagnetism
  • ODP (Ocean Drilling Program)
  • Palaeomagnetism
  • Th

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