Ranbp2 haploinsufficiency mediates distinct cellular and biochemical phenotypes in brain and retinal dopaminergic and glia cells elicited by the Parkinsonian neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)

Kyoung In Cho, Kelly Searle, Mason Webb, Haiqing Yi, Paulo A. Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many components and pathways transducing multifaceted and deleterious effects of stress stimuli remain ill-defined. The Ran-binding protein 2 (RanBP2) interactome modulates the expression of a range of clinical and cell-context-dependent manifestations upon a variety of stressors. We examined the role of Ranbp2 haploinsufficiency on cellular and metabolic manifestations linked to tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH+) dopaminergic neurons and glial cells of the brain and retina upon acute challenge to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), a parkinsonian neurotoxin, which models facets of Parkinson disease. MPTP led to stronger akinetic parkinsonism and slower recovery in Ranbp2+/- than wild-type mice without viability changes of brain TH+-neurons of either genotype, with the exception of transient nuclear atypia via changes in chromatin condensation of Ranbp2 +/- TH+-neurons. Conversely, the number of wild-type retinal TH+-amacrine neurons compared to Ranbp2+/- underwent milder declines without apoptosis followed by stronger recoveries without neurogenesis. These phenotypes were accompanied by a stronger rise of EdU+-proliferative cells and non-proliferative gliosis of GFAP?-Müller cells in wild-type than Ranbp2+/- that outlasted the MPTP-insult. Finally, MPTPtreated wild-type and Ranbp2+/- mice present distinct metabolic footprints in the brain or selective regions thereof, such as striatum, that are supportive of RanBP2-mediated regulation of interdependent metabolic pathways of lysine, cholesterol, free-fatty acids, or their β-oxidation. These studies demonstrate contrasting gene-environment phenodeviances and roles of Ranbp2 between dopaminergic and glial cells of the brain and retina upon oxidative stresselicited signaling and factors triggering a continuum of metabolic and cellular manifestations and proxies linked to oxidative stress, and chorioretinal and neurological disorders such as Parkinson.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3511-3527
Number of pages17
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume69
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dopaminergic neurons
  • Gene-environment interaction
  • Gliosis
  • MPTP neurotoxicity
  • Metabolomics
  • Parkinson
  • Ran-binding protein 2 (RanBP2)

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