Radiotherapy verification film for estimating cumulative entrance skin exposure for fluoroscopic examinations

R. A. Geise, H. J. Ansel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Measurement of skin entrance exposures during fluoroscopic procedures is complicated by the use of automatic exposure control devices and the presence of contrast media. Due to variability in positioning spot films from patient to patient, standard dosimeters, such as thermoluminescent, cannot be properly placed on the skin prior to examination. Prepackaged film of the type used for portal verification in radiation therapy held next to the patient’s skin in a specially modified patient examination govm was found to be useful for determining the entrance skin exposure from both fluoroscopy and spot films during air contrast barium enema exams. The usable sensitivity range of this film has been found satisfactory for exposure measurements at exposures and kVps typically used for gastrointestinal fluoroscopic procedures. Errors in exposure estimates due to changes in film speed and contrast with kVp are less than 5% for the range of kVps used. Errors from variations in beam quality due to the adjacency of scattering material are approximately 5%. Entrance exposures determined with film agreed with those determined from TLD measurements to within 21%, with an average difference of 9%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-298
Number of pages4
JournalHealth Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1990


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