Radiomics-based differentiation between glioblastoma and primary central nervous system lymphoma: a comparison of diagnostic performance across different MRI sequences and machine learning techniques

Girish Bathla, Sarv Priya, Yanan Liu, Caitlin Ward, Nam H. Le, Neetu Soni, Ravishankar Pillenahalli Maheshwarappa, Varun Monga, Honghai Zhang, Milan Sonka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Despite the robust diagnostic performance of MRI-based radiomic features for differentiating between glioblastoma (GBM) and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) reported on prior studies, the best sequence or a combination of sequences and model performance across various machine learning pipelines remain undefined. Herein, we compare the diagnostic performance of multiple radiomics-based models to differentiate GBM from PCNSL. Methods: Our retrospective study included 94 patients (34 with PCNSL and 60 with GBM). Model performance was assessed using various MRI sequences across 45 possible model and feature selection combinations for nine different sequence permutations. Predictive performance was assessed using fivefold repeated cross-validation with five repeats. The best and worst performing models were compared to assess differences in performance. Results: The predictive performance, both using individual and a combination of sequences, was fairly robust across multiple top performing models (AUC: 0.961–0.977) but did show considerable variation between the best and worst performing models. The top performing individual sequences had comparable performance to multiparametric models. The best prediction model in our study used a combination of ADC, FLAIR, and T1-CE achieving the highest AUC of 0.977, while the second ranked model used T1-CE and ADC, achieving a cross-validated AUC of 0.975. Conclusion: Radiomics-based predictive accuracy can vary considerably, based on the model and feature selection methods as well as the combination of sequences used. Also, models derived from limited sequences show performance comparable to those derived from all five sequences. Key Points: • Radiomics-based diagnostic performance of various machine learning models for differentiating glioblastoma and PCNSL varies considerably. • ML models using limited or multiple MRI sequences can provide comparable performance, based on the chosen model. • Embedded feature selection models perform better than models using a priori feature reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8703-8713
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume31
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, European Society of Radiology.

Keywords

  • Central nervous system neoplasms
  • Glioblastoma, lymphoma
  • Machine learning
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

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