Racial Identity and the MMPI in African American Male College Students

P. Richard Whatley, James Allen, Richard H. Dana

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21 Scopus citations


The relation of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) to the Racial Identity Attitude Scale-Black, Short Form (RIAS-B) was examined among 50 African American male college students in a reanalysis of unpublished MMPI data described in R. H. Dana (1993). This permitted study of relationships between MMPI scores and specific psychological variables hypothesized to produce cultural differences among African Americans. Results indicated RIAS-B scale scores functioned as predictors of MMPI scale scores. Similar research with the MMPI-2 incorporating larger samples that more adequately represent African American heterogeneity is needed. Methodological implications of these findings for MMPI-2 research with ethnic and racial groups are discussed, emphasizing the importance of research to depathologize African American racial and cultural identity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-353
Number of pages9
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2003


  • African American
  • MMPI
  • Multicultural psychological assessment
  • Racial Identity Attitude Scale-Black
  • Racial identity


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