Racial-ethnic related clinical and neurocognitive differences in adults with gambling disorder

Samuel R. Chamberlain, Eric Leppink, Sarah A. Redden, Brian L. Odlaug, Jon E. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent epidemiological data suggest that the lifetime prevalence of gambling problems differs depending on race-ethnicity. Understanding variations in disease presentation in blacks and whites, and relationships with biological and sociocultural factors, may have implications for selecting appropriate prevention strategies. 62 non-treatment seeking volunteers (18–29 years, n=18 [29.0%] female) with gambling disorder were recruited from the general community. Black (n=36) and White (n=26) participants were compared on demographic, clinical and cognitive measures. Young black adults with gambling disorder reported more symptoms of gambling disorder and greater scores on a measure of compulsivity. In addition they exhibited significantly higher total errors on a set-shifting task, less risk adjustment on a gambling task, greater delay aversion on a gambling task, and more total errors on a working memory task. These findings suggest that the clinical and neurocognitive presentation of gambling disorder different between racial-ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume242
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr. Chamberlain consults for Cambridge Cognition; his involvement in this research was funded by a grant from the Academy of Medical Sciences (AMS, UK). Dr. Odlaug has received research grants from the Trichotillomania Learning Center and receives royalties from Oxford University Press. Since these data were collected, Dr. Odlaug has taken a position with Lundbeck Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Grant has received research grants from NIMH, National Center for Responsible Gaming, and Forest and Roche Pharmaceuticals. He receives yearly compensation from Springer Publishing for acting as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Gambling Studies and has received royalties from Oxford University Press, American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., Norton Press, and McGraw Hill. Mr. Leppink and Ms. Redden report no financial relationships with commercial interests.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a Center of Excellence in Gambling Research grant from the National Center for Responsible Gaming to Dr. Grant. Dr. Chamberlain's involvement in this project was supported by a grant from the Academy of Medical Sciences (AMS, United Kingdom).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Cognition
  • GamblinG
  • ImpulsIvIty
  • Phenomenology
  • Race

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Racial-ethnic related clinical and neurocognitive differences in adults with gambling disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this