Racial Differences in Minnesota Nursing Home Residents' Quality of Life

Tetyana P. Shippee, Carrie Henning-Smith, Taeho Greg Rhee, Robert N. Held, Robert L. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate racial differences in nursing home (NH) residents' quality of life (QOL) at the resident and facility levels. Method: We used hierarchical linear modeling to identify significant resident- and facility-level predictors for racial differences in six resident-reported QOL domains. Data came from the following: (a) resident-reported QOL (n = 10,929), (b) the Minimum Data Set, and (c) facility-level characteristics from the Minnesota Department of Human Services (n = 376). Results: White residents reported higher QOL in five of six domains, but in full models, individual-level racial differences remained only for food enjoyment. On the facility level, higher percentage of White residents was associated with better scores in three domains, even after adjusting for all characteristics. Discussion: Racial differences in QOL exist on individual and aggregate levels. Individual differences are mainly explained by health status. The finding that facility racial composition predicts QOL more than individual race underscores the importance of examining NH structural characteristics and practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-224
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of aging and health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© SAGE Publications.


  • long-term care
  • nursing home
  • quality of life
  • racial disparities


Dive into the research topics of 'Racial Differences in Minnesota Nursing Home Residents' Quality of Life'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this