Racial Differences in Minnesota Nursing Home Residents' Quality of Life

Tetyana P. Shippee, Carrie Henning-Smith, Taeho Greg Rhee, Robert N. Held, Robert L. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate racial differences in nursing home (NH) residents' quality of life (QOL) at the resident and facility levels. Method: We used hierarchical linear modeling to identify significant resident- and facility-level predictors for racial differences in six resident-reported QOL domains. Data came from the following: (a) resident-reported QOL (n = 10,929), (b) the Minimum Data Set, and (c) facility-level characteristics from the Minnesota Department of Human Services (n = 376). Results: White residents reported higher QOL in five of six domains, but in full models, individual-level racial differences remained only for food enjoyment. On the facility level, higher percentage of White residents was associated with better scores in three domains, even after adjusting for all characteristics. Discussion: Racial differences in QOL exist on individual and aggregate levels. Individual differences are mainly explained by health status. The finding that facility racial composition predicts QOL more than individual race underscores the importance of examining NH structural characteristics and practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-224
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of aging and health
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • long-term care
  • nursing home
  • quality of life
  • racial disparities

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