Race-Specific, State-Specific COVID-19 Vaccination Rates Adjusted for Age

Elizabeth Wrigley-Field, Kaitlyn M Berry, Govind Persad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The authors provide the first age-standardized race/ethnicity-specific, state-specific vaccination rates for the United States. Data encompass all states reporting race/ethnicity-specific vaccinations and reflect vaccinations through mid-October 2021, just before eligibility expanded below age 12. Using indirect age standardization, the authors compare racial/ethnic state vaccination rates with national rates. The results show that white and Black state median vaccination rates are, respectively, 89 percent and 76 percent of what would be predicted on the basis of age; Hispanic and Native rates are almost identical to what would be predicted; and Asian American/Pacific Islander rates are 110 percent of what would be predicted. The authors also find that racial/ethnic vaccination rates are associated with state politics, as proxied by 2020 Trump vote share: for each percentage point increase in Trump vote share, vaccination rates decline by 1.08 percent of what would be predicted on the basis of age. This decline is sharpest for Native American vaccinations, although these are reported for relatively few states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSocius
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the Kaiser Family Foundation for answering questions about the data they have generously made available and Michelle Niemann for feedback on an article draft. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development via the Minnesota Population Center (P2C HD041023) and through a fellowship to Kaitlyn M. Berry (F31 HD107980).

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development via the Minnesota Population Center (P2C HD041023) and through a fellowship to Kaitlyn M. Berry (F31 HD107980).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Keywords

  • age adjustment
  • COVID-19
  • racial/ethnic disparities
  • Trump vote
  • vaccination

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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