Rabies in the Republic of Kazakhstan: spatial and temporal characteristics of disease spread over one decade (2013–2022)

Anar M. Kabzhanova, Ablaikhan S. Kadyrov, Aizada A. Mukhanbetkaliyeva, Gulzhan N. Yessembekova, Yersin Y. Mukhanbetkaliyev, Fedor I. Korennoy, Andres M. Perez, Sarsenbay K. Abdrakhmanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease that remains endemic in Kazakhstan despite the implementation of annual vaccination campaigns. Using data collected over a 10-year time period, the objective of this study was to provide updated information on the epidemiological situation of the disease in the country, and quantitative data on the species-specific spatial distribution of rabies and on the epidemiological features associated with that clustering. Five significant (p < 0.05) clusters of disease were detected. Clusters in southern Kazakhstan were associated with companion animals, which are likely explained by the maintenance of a domestic cycle of the disease in the most densely populated region of the country. Livestock cases were most frequent in clusters in the eastern (where wildlife cases were also frequent) and western regions of Kazakhstan, with higher probability of occurrence in spring and summer, compared to the rest of the year. The results here are consistent with differential patterns for disease transmission in Kazakhstan and will contribute to the design and implementation of zoning approaches to support the progressive control of rabies in the country.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1252265
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Kabzhanova, Kadyrov, Mukhanbetkaliyeva, Yessembekova, Mukhanbetkaliyev, Korennoy, Perez and Abdrakhmanov.


  • disease control
  • epidemiology
  • Kazakhstan
  • rabies
  • spatial clustering
  • spatial scan statistic

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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