R-wave sensing in an implantable cardiac monitor without ECG-based preimplant mapping: Results from a multicenter clinical trial

Andrew D. Krahn, Robert A. Pickett, Scott Sakaguchi, Naushad Shaik, Jian Cao, Holly S. Norman, Patricia Guerrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Introduction Reducing the form factor of an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM) may simplify device implant. This study evaluated R-wave sensing at a range of electrode distances and a preferred device implant location without mapping. Methods Patients scheduled for a Medtronic Reveal® ICM implant (Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) underwent a preimplant pocket recording using a diagnostic recording catheter. The ICM implant location was left to the discretion of the implanting physician, but a "recommended" position spanned the V2-V3 electrocardiogram electrode location in an oblique 45° angle. R-wave amplitudes were analyzed from ICM follow-up. Results Seventeen of 41 subjects (15 male, age 57 ± 16 years) had the maximum surface-filtered R-wave at the recommended location. Fourteen patients underwent diagnostic recording across the range of electrode spacing. There was a strong correlation between the R-wave amplitude and electrode distance (r 2 = 0.97, P < 0.001) with an increase of 29 μV per 2.5 mm. Comparing normalized R-wave distributions between the recommended ICM implant group (Group 1, n = 19) and the remaining patients (Group 2, n = 7), the proportion of ICM R-wave counts of amplitude 0.25-1.2 mV was higher (79% vs 46%, P < 0.05). Of 17 patients in Group 1 who had ≥1-month ICM follow-up (79 ± 45 days), no sensing-related false arrhythmia detection was found in 16 (93%) patients. Conclusions The subcutaneous R-wave amplitude correlates with electrode spacing in the implant zone of ICM patients. Implant locations at the V2-V3 position at a 45° angle offer an adequate R wave for sensing. Preimplant mapping to achieve acceptable R-wave amplitude may not be necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-511
Number of pages7
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • ECG
  • R-wave sensing
  • implant
  • implantable cardiac monitor
  • mapping
  • subcutaneous


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