Quaternary epitopes of α345(IV) collagen initiate alport post-transplant anti-GBM nephritis

Florina Olaru, Wentian Luo, Xu Ping Wang, Linna Ge, Jens Michael Hertz, Clifford E. Kashtan, Yoshikazu Sado, Yoav Segal, Billy G. Hudson, Dorin Bogdan Borza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Alport post-transplant nephritis (APTN) is an aggressive form of anti-glomerular basement membrane disease that targets the allograft in transplanted patients with X-linked Alport syndrome. Alloantibodies develop against the NC1 domain of α5(IV) collagen, which occurs in normal kidneys, including renal allografts, forming distinct α345(IV) and α1256(IV) networks. Here, we studied the roles of these networks as antigens inciting alloimmunity and as targets of nephritogenic alloantibodies in APTN. We found that patientswithAPTN, but not thosewithout nephritis, produce twokinds of alloantibodies against allogeneic collagen IV. Some alloantibodies targeted alloepitopes within α5NC1 monomers, shared by α345NC1 and a1256NC1 hexamers. Other alloantibodies specifically targeted alloepitopes that depended on the quaternary structure of α345NC1 hexamers. In Col4a5-null mice, immunization with native forms of allogeneic collagen IV exclusively elicited antibodies to quaternary α345NC1 alloepitopes, whereas alloimmunogens lacking native quaternary structure elicited antibodies to shared α5NC1 alloepitopes. These results imply that quaternary epitopes within α345NC1 hexamers may initiate alloimmune responses after transplant in X-linked Alport patients. Thus, α345NC1 hexamers are the culprit alloantigen and primary target of all alloantibodies mediating APTN, whereas α1256NC1 hexamers become secondary targets of antia5NC1 alloantibodies. Reliable detection of alloantibodies by immunoassays using α345NC1 hexamers may improve outcomes by facilitating early, accurate diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)889-895
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 31 2013


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