(Quasi)localized gauge field on a brane: Dissipating cosmic radiation to extra dimensions?

Gia Dvali, Gregory Gabadadze, M. Shifman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose a mechanism ensuring (quasi)localization of massless gauge fields on a brane. The mechanism does not rely on BPS properties of the brane and can be realized in any theory where charged particles are confined to the world-volume. The localized matter fluctuations induce a gauge kinetic term on the brane. At short distances the resulting propagator for the gauge field is identical to the four-dimensional propagator. The gauge theory on the brane is effectively four-dimensional at short distances; it becomes higher-dimensional on very large (cosmic) scales. The brane-bulk system exhibits the phenomenon of "infrared transparency". As a result, only very low frequency modes can escape into extra dimensions. In this framework the large wavelength cosmic radiation can dissipate in extra space at a rate that may be observable, in principle. We briefly discuss some astrophysical consequences of this scenario. The same mechanism of localization of gauge fields may work in Kaplan's framework for domain wall chiral fermions on lattices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-280
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume497
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to B. Bajc, C. Deffayet, A. Glassgold, P. Huggins, V. Rubakov and A. Sirlin for useful discussions. G.D. and G.G. thank the Aspen Center for Physics for hospitality where a part of this project was performed. The work of G.D. was supported by David and Lucille Packard Foundation Fellowship for Science and Engineering, and by Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship and by NSF grant PHY-0070787. Work of G.G. and M.S. was supported by DOE grant DE-FG02-94ER408.

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