TY - JOUR

T1 - (Quasi)-exact-solvability on the sphere Sn

AU - Miller, Willard

AU - Turbiner, Alexander V.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

PY - 2015/2/3

Y1 - 2015/2/3

N2 - An Exactly Solvable (ES) potential on the sphere Sn is reviewed and a related Quasi-Exactly Solvable (QES) potential is found and studied. After mapping the sphere to a simplex, it is found that the metric (of constant curvature) is in polynomial form, and both the ES and the QES potentials are rational functions. Their hidden algebra is gln, realized in a finite-dimensional representation by first order differential operators acting on RPn. It is shown that variables in the Schrödinger eigenvalue equation can be separated in polyspherical coordinates and there is always complete integrability. The QES system is completely integrable for n = 2 and non-maximally superintegrable for n ≥ 3. There is no separable coordinate system in which it is exactly solvable. We point out that by taking contractions of superintegrable systems, such as induced by Inönü-Wigner Lie algebra contractions, we can find other QES superintegrable systems, and we illustrate this by contracting our Sn system to a QES non-maximal superintegrable system on Euclidean space En, an extension of the Smorodinsky-Winternitz potential.

AB - An Exactly Solvable (ES) potential on the sphere Sn is reviewed and a related Quasi-Exactly Solvable (QES) potential is found and studied. After mapping the sphere to a simplex, it is found that the metric (of constant curvature) is in polynomial form, and both the ES and the QES potentials are rational functions. Their hidden algebra is gln, realized in a finite-dimensional representation by first order differential operators acting on RPn. It is shown that variables in the Schrödinger eigenvalue equation can be separated in polyspherical coordinates and there is always complete integrability. The QES system is completely integrable for n = 2 and non-maximally superintegrable for n ≥ 3. There is no separable coordinate system in which it is exactly solvable. We point out that by taking contractions of superintegrable systems, such as induced by Inönü-Wigner Lie algebra contractions, we can find other QES superintegrable systems, and we illustrate this by contracting our Sn system to a QES non-maximal superintegrable system on Euclidean space En, an extension of the Smorodinsky-Winternitz potential.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.4906909

DO - 10.1063/1.4906909

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84923875650

SN - 0022-2488

VL - 56

JO - Journal of Mathematical Physics

JF - Journal of Mathematical Physics

IS - 2

M1 - 023501

ER -