Quantum decay of dark solitons

D. M. Gangardt, A. Kamenev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Unless protected by the exact integrability, solitons are subject to dissipative forces, originating from a thermally fluctuating background. At low enough temperatures T background fluctuations should be considered as being quantized which enables us to calculate finite lifetime of the solitons τ∼T-4. We also find that the coherent nature of the quantum fluctuations leads to long-range interactions between the solitons mediated by the superradiation. Our results are of relevance to current experiments with ultracold atoms, while the approach may be extended to solitons in other media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number190402
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 12 2010


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