Quantum corrections to the cosmological evolution of conformally coupled fields

Jose A.R. Cembranos, Keith A Olive, Marco Peloso, Jean Philippe Uzan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because the source term for the equations of motion of a conformally coupled scalar field, such as the dilaton, is given by the trace of the matter energy momentum tensor, it is commonly assumed to vanish during the radiation dominated epoch in the early universe. As a consequence, such fields are generally frozen in the early universe. Here we compute the finite temperature radiative correction to the source term and discuss its consequences on the evolution of such fields in the early universe. We discuss in particular, the case of scalar tensor theories of gravity which have general relativity as an attractor solution. We show that, in some cases, the universe can experience an early phase of contraction, followed by a non-singular bounce, and standard expansion. This can have interesting consequences for the abundance of thermal relics; for instance, it can provide a solution to the gravitino problem. We conclude by discussing the possible consequences of the quantum corrections to the evolution of the dilaton.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2009
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2009

Keywords

  • Modified gravity
  • Physics of the early universe
  • String theory and cosmology

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