A method has been developed for the microscale determination of 5,6-dihydrouridine, the most common post-transcriptional modification in bacterial and eukaryotic tRNA. The method is based on stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) using [1,3-15N2]dihydrouridine and [1,3-15N2]uridine as internal standards. RNA samples were enzymatically digested to nucleosides before addition of the internal standards and subsequently analyzed by LC/MS with selected ion monitoring of protonated molecular ions of the labeled and unlabeled nucleosides. Sample quantities of ~1 pmol tRNA and 5 pmol 23S rRNA were analyzed for mole% dihydrouridine. Dihydrouridine content of Escherichia coli tRNA(VGA)(Ser) and tRNA(GGU)(Thr) as controls were measured as 2.03 and 2.84 residues/tRNA molecule, representing accuracies of 98 and 95%. Overall precision values for the analyses of E.coli tRNA(VGA)6(Ser) and E.coli tRNA(GGU)(Thr) unfractionated tRNA from E.coli and 23S rRNA from E.coli were within the range 0.43-2.4%. The mole% dihydrouridine in unfractionated tRNA and 23S rRNA from E.coli were determined as 1.79 and 0.0396%, corresponding to 1.4 and 1.1 residues/RNA molecule respectively.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nucleic acids research|
|State||Published - 1996|