Quantitative measurement of dihydrouridine in RNA using isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS)

Joseph J. Dalluge, Takeshi Hashizume, James A. McCloskey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

A method has been developed for the microscale determination of 5,6-dihydrouridine, the most common post-transcriptional modification in bacterial and eukaryotic tRNA. The method is based on stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) using [1,3-15N2]dihydrouridine and [1,3-15N2]uridine as internal standards. RNA samples were enzymatically digested to nucleosides before addition of the internal standards and subsequently analyzed by LC/MS with selected ion monitoring of protonated molecular ions of the labeled and unlabeled nucleosides. Sample quantities of ~1 pmol tRNA and 5 pmol 23S rRNA were analyzed for mole% dihydrouridine. Dihydrouridine content of Escherichia coli tRNA(VGA)(Ser) and tRNA(GGU)(Thr) as controls were measured as 2.03 and 2.84 residues/tRNA molecule, representing accuracies of 98 and 95%. Overall precision values for the analyses of E.coli tRNA(VGA)6(Ser) and E.coli tRNA(GGU)(Thr) unfractionated tRNA from E.coli and 23S rRNA from E.coli were within the range 0.43-2.4%. The mole% dihydrouridine in unfractionated tRNA and 23S rRNA from E.coli were determined as 1.79 and 0.0396%, corresponding to 1.4 and 1.1 residues/RNA molecule respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3242-3245
Number of pages4
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume24
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1996

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