Quantitative analysis of droplet deposition produced by an electrostatic sprayer on a classroom table by using fluorescent tracer

Dong Bin Kwak, Seong Chan Kim, Thomas H. Kuehn, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic situation, measures to mitigate the risk of transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in an indoor setting are urgently needed. Among the various types of disinfectant methods, electrostatic spraying is often applied to decontamination in public places. For quantitatively characterizing electrostatic spraying, we developed the novel evaluation method by using a fluorescent tracer. By applying this method, we performed three different experiment cases (static test on a table, static test on a cylinder, and dynamic test on a table) to figure out its unique characteristics (Coulombic fission and wraparound effect) and measure its performance in various aspects. To be specific, bimodal distribution with peak sizes of ~10 and ~100 μm was found due to Coulombic fission. Otherwise, a unimodal distribution with a peak size of ~100 μm occurred for the uncharged droplets. As a result, the effective contact area increased by 40–80 % due to small progeny droplets. The wraparound effect was examined on two different cylinders: copper (Cu) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe. When the target surface was not charged (Cu 0 kV and PVC 0 kV), the average normalized concentrations on the backside of the cylinder (θ = 180°) increased by around 67 % for charged droplets. Meanwhile, when the target surface was highly charged (PVC –19 kV), the average normalized concentrations at θ = 180° were increased more than two times for charged droplets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108254
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume205
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the support from members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3 M Corporation, Applied Materials, Inc., BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co., China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company, Inc., Entegris, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co., Ltd, LG Electronics Inc., MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co., Ltd., Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd., TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). URL: http://www.me.umn.edu/cfr/ . Portions of this work were conducted in the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by the National Science Foundation through the National Nano Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI) under Award Number ECCS-1542202.

Funding Information:
The authors thank the support from members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3 M Corporation, Applied Materials, Inc. BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co. China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc. Donaldson Company, Inc. Entegris, Inc. Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co. Ltd, LG Electronics Inc. MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co. Ltd. Shigematsu Works Co. Ltd. TSI Inc. W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). URL: http://www.me.umn.edu/cfr/. Portions of this work were conducted in the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by the National Science Foundation through the National Nano Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI) under Award Number ECCS-1542202.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Deposition pattern
  • Electrostatic sprayer
  • Fluorescent tracer
  • Quantitative analysis
  • SARS-CoV-2

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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